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Molecular Brain Development

The mammalian neocortex is a highly complex and spatially heterogeneous structure, which has expanded significantly in mammalian evolution. Neocortical network function is at the heart of cognitive function and the increased complexity of the human neocortex may also have contributed to the emergence of a plethora of psychiatric and neurological disorders. Since major differences in brain anatomy and hence function between species arise during development, it is crucial to understand the cellular and molecular mechanisms governing cortical development. While we have recently gained significant insights into the contribution of genetically "hard-wired" mechanisms of proliferation, differentiation, and maturation, less is known about the degree to which plasticity through neurotransmitter-mediated signaling influences cortical development.

We aim to understand how neurotransmitter signaling controls, cortical development and evolution by studying different mammalian species, most importantly mice and humans. This research is likely to yield important multi-omics insights into the cellular mechanisms of plasticity during cortical development and how they have been shaped by evolution. From a clinical point of view, neurotransmitter systems are a target of many drugs, thus providing the risk and potential to influence cortical development through environmental exposure in healthy and disease conditions, respectively.

News
Research projects
Members
Publikationen

July 2019:

Many thanks to our interns Daniel Cozetto and Maxim Drömer for their contributions!

 

June 2019:

At the TNC Research Day we are excited to discuss with other scientists in Tübingen about brain development.

 

June 2019:

Research spotlight on our recent paper on multimodal single-cell analysis published. Check it out here!

 

May 2019:

Dr. Simone Mayer is participating in the Launch Event of the LifeTime Initiative in Berlin. Excited to join a European effort!

March 2019:

Dr. Shokoufeh Khakipoor is participating in the Workshop "Computational Single Cell Genomics" in Munich (26.-27.3.).

 

Dr. Simone Mayer and Dr. Cristiana Cruceanu are chairing a Symposium at the German Neuroscience Society meeting: "From normal brain development to pathology: what role does the environment play?" Interested? Join us on 21.3.19, 14.30-16.30 in Göttingen.

 

February 2019:

Publication of Simone's Multimodal Single Cell Analysis paper from the Kriegstein Lab. You can also check out its coverage on BrainPost.

 

January 2019:

Welcome to the Mayer lab, Elisabeth Gustafsson and Dr. Shokoufeh Khakipoor! 

 

August 2018:

Dr. Simone Mayer has been awarded the 2018 Young Investigator Award of the Brain and Behavior Research Foundation for research on intercellular communication in neocortical development.

Our projects focus on understanding how neurotransmitters modulate mammalian cortical development, evolution and disease emergence. We employ a large range of methodologies ranging from single-cell RNA-Sequencing to immunohistochemistry, live cell imaging, and mass spectrometry on cells and tissue samples from animal models and patient donations. In order to achieve this, we collaborate with experts in the fields of bioinformatics, biophysics, and biochemistry, as well as clinicians.

If you are interested in a Bachelor, Master or PhD thesis in the lab, please send an email stating your research interests together with your CV to Dr. Simone Mayer (si.mayer@uni-tuebingen.de).


 
Name
Department
Phone
Email
 Elisabeth Gustafsson
Elisabeth Gustafsson Lab Manager
Molecular Brain Development
+49 (0)7071 29-89191 
Dr Shokoufeh Khakipoor
Dr Shokoufeh Khakipoor Postdoctoral Researcher
Molecular Brain Development
+49 (0)7071 29-89191 
Dr. Simone Mayer
Dr. Simone Mayer Group Leader
Molecular Brain Development
+49 (0)7071 29-88870 

Original Publications

Jurek B, Chayka M, Kreye J, Lang K, Kraus L, Fidzinski P, Kornau HC, Dao LM, Wenke NK, Long M, Rivalan M, Winter Y, Leubner J, Herken J, Mayer S, Mueller S, Boehm-Sturm P, Dirnagl U, Schmitz D, Kölch M, Prüss H. Human gestational NMDAR autoantibodies impair neonatal murine brain function. Ann Neurol. 2019 Jul 20.

Schirmer L, Velmeshev D, Holmqvist S, Kaufmann M, Werneburg S, Jung D, Vistnes S, Stockley JH, Young A, Steindel M, Tung B, Goyal N, Bhaduri A, Mayer S, Engler JB, Bayraktar OA, Franklin RJM, Haeussler M, Reynolds R, Schafer DP, Friese MA, Shiow LR, Kriegstein AR, Rowitch DH. Neuronal vulnerability and multilineage diversity in multiple sclerosis. Nature. 2019 Jul 17.

Sorrells SF, Paredes MF, Velmeshev D, Herranz-Pérez V, Sandoval K, Mayer S, Chang EF, Insausti R, Kriegstein AR, Rubenstein JL, Manuel Garcia-Verdugo J, Huang EJ, Alvarez-Buylla A. Immature excitatory neurons develop during adolescence in the human amygdala. Nat Commun, 2019 Jun 21;10(1):2748.

Velmeshev D, Schirmer L, Jung D, Haeussler M, Perez Y, Mayer S, Bhaduri A, Goyal N, Rowitch DH, Kriegstein AR. Single-Cell Genomics Identifies Cell Type-Specific Molecular Changes in Autism. Science, 2019 May 17;364(6441):685-689.

Mayer S*, Chen J*, Velmeshev D, Mayer, A, Eze U, Paredes MF, Alvarado B, Wang S, Cunha CE, Lovegren N, Gonzales ML, Szpankowski, L, Leyrat, A,West, JAA, Alvarez-Buylla A, Nowakowski TJ, Pollen AA, Kriegstein AR. Multimodal single-cell analysis reveals physiological maturation in the developing human neocortex. Neuron, 2019 Apr 3;102(1):143-158.

Sorrells SF*, Paredes MF*, Cebrian-Silla A, Sandoval K, Qi D, Kelley KW, James D, Mayer S, Chang J, Auguste KI, Chang E, Gutierrez Martin AJ, Kriegstein AJ, Mathern GW, Oldham M, Huang EJ, Garcia-Verdugo JM, Yang Z, Alvarez-Buylla A. Human hippocampal neurogenesis drops sharply in children to undetectable levels in adults. Nature, 2018 Mar 15; 555(7696):377-381.

Mayer S, Kumar R, Jaiswal M, Soykan T, Ahmadian MR, Brose N, Betz H, Rhee JS, Papadopoulos T. Collybistin activation by GTP-TC10 enhances postsynaptic gephyrin clustering and hippocampal GABAergic neurotransmission. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Dec 17; 110(51):20795-800.

Kang HJ*, Kawasawa YI*, Cheng F*, Zhu Y*, Xu X*, Li M*, Sousa AM, Pletikos M, Meyer KA, Sedmak G, Guennel T, Shin Y, Johnson MB, Krsnik Z, Mayer S, Fertuzinhos S, Umlauf S, Lisgo SN, Vortmeyer A, Weinberger DR, Mane S, Hyde TM, Huttner A, Reimers M, Kleinman JE, Sestan N. Spatiotemporal transcriptome of the human brain. Nature 2011 Oct 26; 478(7370):483-9.

 

Reviews 

Paredes MF*, Sorrells SF*, Cebrian-Silla A, Sandoval K, Qi D, Kelley KW, James D, Mayer S, Chang J, Auguste KI, Chang EF, Gutierrez Martin AJ, Kriegstein AR, Mathern GW, Oldham MC, Huang EJ, Garcia-Verdugo JM, Yang Z, Alvarez-Buylla A. Does Adult Neurogenesis Persist in the Human Hippocampus? Cell Stem Cell, 2018 Dec 6;23(6):780-78.

Mayer S, Kriegstein AR. The expansion of the cortical sheet in primates. In: Kaas, J (ed.), Evolution of Nervous Systems, 2e. vol. 3, pp. 59–71. Oxford: Elsevier. 2016.

Research group leader
Dr. Simone Mayer si.mayeruni-tuebingen.de Address

Center of Neurology
Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research
Independent Research Group "Molecular Brain Development"

Otfried-Müller-Straße 25
72076 Tübingen

Phone: +49 (0)7071 29-88870


CV